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How to Check Garage Door Spring Tension?

Ever wondered about the safety of your garage door, specifically the role of garage door springs? These springs are crucial to maintaining proper tension and safe operation. This article guides you on checking and adjusting your garage door springs‘ tension. You’ll learn about different spring types and essential steps for testing. Ensuring your garage door springs are correctly adjusted is crucial for safety and functionality.

Step-by-Step Guide to Check Garage Door Spring Tension

Garage doors are vital to our homes, but we often overlook them until something goes wrong. A common issue is spring tension, so learning to measure garage door springs is crucial.

Step-by-Step Guide to Check Garage Door Spring Tension

Ensuring the correct spring tension is crucial for the safety and seamless functionality of your garage door. This guide not only walks you through the process of checking your garage door spring tension step by step but also introduces the concept of winding garage door springs—a key procedure for maintaining optimal tension. By understanding how to measure and wind garage door springs effectively, you can guarantee the reliable operation of your garage door. This comprehensive approach ensures that your garage door operates smoothly and safely, providing peace of mind and enhancing the longevity of your garage door system.

Step 1: Identify the Type of Spring

First things first, know what type of spring your garage door has. There are two main types: torsion and extension springs.

Torsion springs are mounted above the door, and extension springs run along the tracks on either side. Identifying your spring type is crucial because each type has different tensioning methods.

Step 2: Gather Necessary Tools

Having the right tools is important before checking your garage door spring tension. Safety comes first, so gather these essentials:

  1. Safety Goggles: Protect your eyes from any accidental spring snaps.
  2. Sturdy Ladder: Needed to reach torsion springs, if applicable.
  3. Tape Measure: For measuring the spring length.
  4. Marker or Masking Tape: To mark spring positions pre-adjustment.
  5. Winding Bars: Essential for torsion spring adjustments.
  6. C-Clamps or Locking Pliers: Secure the door in place for extension springs.

Having these tools ready ensures a safe and effective tension check. Remember, if you’re unsure, call a professional. Safety is key.

Step 3: Secure the Door

Safety is paramount, especially when understanding how Garage Door Springs Work. If you have a torsion spring, close the door and secure it with C-clamps or locking pliers on the track below the bottom roller. This is a critical step in ensuring the door remains safely closed, which is essential to Garage Door Springs Work proper function and safety mechanism. For extension springs, open the door entirely to reduce tension. This method helps relieve the stress on the springs, allowing for a safer inspection or repair process.

Step 4: Mark the Current Spring Position

For torsion springs, mark the spring at the quarter-turn point. For extension springs, measure the current length.

These initial measurements are essential to know how much adjustment, if any, is needed.

Step 5: Check the Balance of the Door

Now, manually move the door up and down.

A well-balanced door stays put, moves smoothly, and doesn’t feel overly heavy.

The springs may need adjusting if the door doesn’t remain halfway open.

Step 6: Adjusting Tension (If Necessary)

If the springs need adjusting, do it carefully. For torsion springs, make ¼ turn adjustments with winding bars.

For extension springs, adjust the hook where the spring attaches. Constantly adjust in small increments and recheck the balance.

Step 7: Test the Door Again

After adjustments, remove any clamps and test the door.

It should move smoothly and stay open around three to four feet above the ground.

If it doesn’t, you may need to readjust.


Regularly checking and maintaining your garage door spring tension is critical to ensuring your door operates safely and efficiently. While this guide provides basic steps, remember that calling a professional is safer if you’re unsure. Regular maintenance extends the life of your garage door and keeps you and your family safe.

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